If you want to teach your child to read, you should make the kid interested in it first. This happens when parents read regularly to the kid. Choose the books that suit their level. This should be something they would be able to read in case they know how to read. It is also good to use books that involve other senses as well, for instance, the ones that make sounds, or scents.
Use books with pictures for reading. This is not cheating but helps to involve vision and form image and word association. This is a necessary aspect of building vocabulary.
Have lots of books!
The books should be always accessible at home. It is great to have various kinds of books at disposal. Place them in the play area. Kids will associate the books with pleasant activities and fun.
Be an example
Children follow your example and you should set it. When the child sees that parents are reading, they will think that this is an interesting and worthwhile activity. Even if you are very busy, try to find at least 10 minutes for reading when your kid is around. The child can be curious about what you are reading and it can be good to start discussing what you read. Making the kid involved into your reading activity is useful.
Start with ABC
It is not recommended to use the flashcards that do not teach to read, but to associate the picture with image. You should start with alphabet. The child should learn to break the words into letters. There are a lot of interactive games to learn it fast. Pay more attention to lowercase letters first because children see them more often.
You should learn to see the difference between Implicit and explicit phonics and change the approach if you want to increase the vocabulary of your child from 900 to 30,000 words by the 3d grade of school. Intrigued? One should not teach to read the whole word but rather divide it into pieces, the smallest parts to build up the whole word each time. Ask your kid not to look at the whole word – it will only distract, but try to make the word of smallest parts.
Phonetic awareness – what is this?
The next step after the alphabet is development of phonetic awareness. The spoken sound should be associated with a letter or letters. 26 letters of English alphabet make 44 sounds of speech. Develop the ability to read the combinations of letters and make the kid understand short and long sounds.
Usually, reading is a precursor to writing but if you develop the writing skills in conjunction with reading then your child learns to read faster and the process is not so difficult.
Helpful nursery rhymes!
Rhyming plays a big role and teaches better letter recognition and phonemic awareness. It is advised to ready nursery rhymes to the kid first and choose rhymes with easy to remember words. The child will practice the easiest patterns first and then increase the difficulty with time.
Ask to read aloud
Reading is a complicated process divided into 2 parts. The reader has to decode the word and then understand its meaning. It is easier to do it aloud.
Ask your child to read aloud to you. Start with words when you just begin. On a more advanced level ask your kid not to hurry to sound out the words correctly. At the same time you should not stop the kid to correct during reading because the child this prevents the train of thought and the kid can have problems with understanding what he reads.